lack


lack

⇒LACK, subst. masc.
Vieilli. Unité de compte en Perse et en Inde. Lack de roupies. Cent mille roupies. Le riche nabab qui (...) rêve au monceau d'or de ses lacks de roupies (COPPÉE, Poés., t. 2, 1883, p. 244).
Prononc. et Orth. : [lak]. Att. ds Ac. 1878. Lar. Lang. fr. lac, lakh (var.); CATACH-GOLF. Orth. Lexicogr. 1971 proposent d'écrire lak. Étymol. et Hist. 1678 (J.-B. TAVERNIER, Les six voyages, en Turquie, en Perse et aux Indes, Paris, t. 2, p. 18 : Au reste selon le compte des Indiens. 100 000 Roupies font une Lekke); 1752 (Trév. : Lack. Monnoie de compte en Perse. Un lack vaut cent mille roupies); 1770 lack (au Bengale) (RAYNAL, Hist. phil. pol., t. 1, p. 314). Transcription de l'indo-aryen (ou du persan qui lui est empr.) qui est issu du skr. au sens de « cent mille » (cf. LOK. n° 1295; v. laque étymol.). Bbg. MAT. Louis-Philippe 1951, p. 277.

lack, lac ou lakh [lak] n. m.
ÉTYM. 1770, lack; lekke, 1678; lac, 1867, Littré; transcription de l'indo-aryen lākh ou du persan lāk, du sanskrit lākshā « cent mille ».
Un lack de roupies : cent mille roupies.
HOM. Lac, laque.

Encyclopédie Universelle. 2012.

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  • lack — I verb be bereft of, be deficient, be deprived of, be desirous, be destitute, be in need, be in want, be inadequate, be inferior, be insufficient, be needy, be poor, be wanting, be without, crave, desiderate, desire, fall short, feel a dearth,… …   Law dictionary

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  • lack — Ⅰ. lack UK US /læk/ noun [S or U] ► a situation in which there is not enough of something, or something is not available: serious/severe lack of sth »Many of these communities are having to cope with a severe lack of resources. » Lack of time is… …   Financial and business terms

  • lack — verb. The use with for meaning ‘to be short of something’ in negative contexts seems to have originated in the 19c: • If you are inclined to undertake the search, I have so provided that you will not lack for means Rider Haggard, 1887 • Here s… …   Modern English usage

  • Lack — (l[a^]k), n. [OE. lak; cf. D. lak slander, laken to blame, OHG. lahan, AS. le[ a]n.] 1. Blame; cause of blame; fault; crime; offense. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. Deficiency; want; need; destitution; failure; as, a lack of sufficient food.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lack — Lack, v. i. 1. To be wanting; often, impersonally, with of, meaning, to be less than, short, not quite, etc. [1913 Webster] What hour now? I think it lacks of twelve. Shak. [1913 Webster] Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty. Gen. xvii …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lack — Sm std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus it. lacca f., das über arab. lakk und pers. lāk auf pāli lākhā f. zurückgeht. Dieses aus ai. lākṣā f. Lack , das wohl zu ai. rájyati färbt sich, rötet sich gehört, also eigentlich (rote) Färbung . Der… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Lack — Lack, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lacked} (l[a^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lacking}.] 1. To blame; to find fault with. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Love them and lakke them not. Piers Plowman. [1913 Webster] 2. To be without or destitute of; to want; to need. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English